Superstition Testen Sie Ihren Wortschatz mit unseren lustigen Bild-Quiz.
Superstition ist ein Musikstück, das vom damals jährigen US-amerikanischen Musiker Stevie Wonder produziert, geschrieben und eingespielt wurde. Superstition (englisch für Aberglaube) ist: Superstition (), US-amerikanischer Stummfilm von Edward Laemmle (); Superstition (), kanadischer. superstition Bedeutung, Definition superstition: 1. belief that is not based on human reason or scientific knowledge, but is connected with old. The informal justice system (customary law), which is also generally accepted and more accessible, is often characterised by superstition and arbitrariness. sufficiently, so as to rid them from the curse of witchcraft and superstition and, fourthly, to make sure that people with albinism [ ] are offered the best possible.
Superstition (englisch für Aberglaube) ist: Superstition (), US-amerikanischer Stummfilm von Edward Laemmle (); Superstition (), kanadischer. rosenmotorsport.se | Übersetzungen für 'superstition' im Englisch-Deutsch-Wörterbuch, mit echten Sprachaufnahmen, Illustrationen, Beugungsformen. The informal justice system (customary law), which is also generally accepted and more accessible, is often characterised by superstition and arbitrariness.
Throughout all of his work, he distinguished only between ratio and religio. The Latin verb superstare itself is comparatively young, being "perhaps not ante- Augustan ", first found in Livy , and the meaning "to survive" is even younger, found in late or ecclesiastical Latin, for the first time in Ennodius.
The use of the noun by Cicero and Horace thus predates the first attestation of the verb. The word superstitio , or superstitio vana "vain superstition", was applied in the 1st century to the officially outlawed religious cults in the Roman Empire.
This concerned the religion of the druids in particular, which was described as a superstitio vana by Tacitus , and Early Christianity , outlawed as a superstitio Iudaica in AD 80 by Domitian.
Greek and Roman polytheists , who modeled their relations with the gods on political and social terms, scorned the man who constantly trembled with fear at the thought of the gods, as a slave feared a cruel and capricious master.
Such fear of the gods was what the Romans meant by "superstition" Veyne , p. In his Prelude on the Babylonian Captivity of the Church , Martin Luther who called the papacy "that fountain and source of all superstitions" accuses the popes of superstition:.
For there was scarce another of the celebrated bishoprics that had so few learned pontiffs; only in violence, intrigue, and superstition has it hitherto surpassed the rest.
The Catechism is a defense against the accusation that Catholic doctrine is superstitious:. Superstition is a deviation of religious feeling and of the practices this feeling imposes.
It can even affect the worship we offer the true God, e. To attribute the efficacy of prayers or of sacramental signs to their mere external performance, apart from the interior dispositions that they demand is to fall into superstition.
In , behavioral psychologist B. Skinner published an article in the Journal of Experimental Psychology , in which he described his pigeons exhibiting what appeared to be superstitious behaviour.
One pigeon was making turns in its cage, another would swing its head in a pendulum motion, while others also displayed a variety of other behaviours.
Because these behaviors were all done ritualistically in an attempt to receive food from a dispenser, even though the dispenser had already been programmed to release food at set time intervals regardless of the pigeons' actions, Skinner believed that the pigeons were trying to influence their feeding schedule by performing these actions.
He then extended this as a proposition regarding the nature of superstitious behavior in humans. Skinner's theory regarding superstition being the nature of the pigeons' behaviour has been challenged by other psychologists such as Staddon and Simmelhag, who theorised an alternative explanation for the pigeons' behaviour.
Despite challenges to Skinner's interpretation of the root of his pigeons' superstitious behaviour, his conception of the reinforcement schedule has been used to explain superstitious behaviour in humans.
Originally, in Skinner's animal research, "some pigeons responded up to 10, times without reinforcement when they had originally been conditioned on an intermittent reinforcement basis.
To be more precise, this effect means that, whenever an individual performs an action expecting a reinforcement, and none seems forthcoming, it actually creates a sense of persistence within the individual.
From a simpler perspective, natural selection will tend to reinforce a tendency to generate weak associations or heuristics that are overgeneralized.
If there is a strong survival advantage to making correct associations, then this will outweigh the negatives of making many incorrect, "superstitious" associations.
A recent theory by Jane Risen proposes that superstitions are intuitions that people acknowledge to be wrong, but acquiesce to rather than correct when they arise as the intuitive assessment of a situation.
Her theory draws on dual-process models of reasoning. In this view, superstitions are the output of "System 1" reasoning that are not corrected even when caught by "System 2".
People seem to believe that superstitions influence events by changing the likelihood of currently possible outcomes rather than by creating new possible outcomes.
In sporting events, for example, a lucky ritual or object is thought to increase the chance that an athlete will perform at the peak of their ability, rather than increasing their overall ability at that sport.
Psychologist Stuart Vyse has pointed out that until about , "[m]ost researchers assumed superstitions were irrational and focused their attentions on discovering why people were superstitious.
Preliminary work has indicated that such rituals can reduce stress and thereby improve performance, but, Vyse has said, " So there is no real magic, but there is a bit of calming magic in performing a ritualistic sequence before attempting a high-pressure activity Any old ritual will do.
People tend to attribute events to supernatural causes in psychological jargon, "external causes" most often under two circumstances.
Ancient Greek historian Polybius in his Histories uses the word superstition explaining that in ancient Rome that belief maintained the cohesion of the empire , operating as an instrumentum regni.
In the classical era , the existence of gods was actively debated both among philosophers and theologians, and opposition to superstition arose consequently.
The poem De rerum natura , written by the Roman poet and philosopher Lucretius further developed the opposition to superstition.
Where Cicero distinguished superstitio and religio , Lucretius used only the word religio. The Roman Empire also made laws condemning those who excited excessive religious fear in others.
During the Middle Ages, the idea of God's influence on the world's events went mostly undisputed. The rediscovery of lost classical works The Renaissance and scientific advancement led to a steadily increasing disbelief in superstition.
A new, more rationalistic lens was beginning to see use in exegesis. Opposition to superstition was central to the Age of Enlightenment.
The first philosopher who dared to criticize superstition publicly and in a written form was Baruch Spinoza , who was a key figure in the Age of Enlightenment.
Most superstitions arose over the course of centuries and are rooted in regional and historical circumstances, such as religious beliefs or the natural environment.
For instance, geckos are believed to be of medicinal value in many Asian countries,  but not in regions where geckos are not found.
In China , Feng shui is a belief system that is said to have a negative effect on different places, e.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Superstition disambiguation. See also: Evolutionary psychology of religion and Evolutionary origin of religions.
Main articles: Magical thinking , Placebo , and Effective theory. Accessed 27 Jun. Keep scrolling for more More Definitions for superstition superstition.
Please tell us where you read or heard it including the quote, if possible. Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.
Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!
And who put it there, anyway? Literally How to use a word that literally drives some people nuts. Is Singular 'They' a Better Choice?
Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Build a city of skyscrapers—one synonym at a time.
Login or Register. Save Word. Log In. Definition of superstition. Examples of superstition in a Sentence It is a common superstition that a black cat crossing your path is bad luck.
Recent Examples on the Web The ghost lights, which burn in the Joan Sutherland Theatre, Drama Theatre, Playhouse, and Studio, are kept on partly for practical reasons, and also because of superstition.
First Known Use of superstition 13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a. Keep scrolling for more.rosenmotorsport.se | Übersetzungen für 'superstition' im Englisch-Deutsch-Wörterbuch, mit echten Sprachaufnahmen, Illustrationen, Beugungsformen. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für superstition im Online-Wörterbuch rosenmotorsport.se (Deutschwörterbuch). Übersetzung für 'superstition' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'superstition' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten ✓ Aussprache. Übersetzung im Kontext von „superstition“ in Französisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: Pour eux, la tradition est plus forte que la superstition. Words related to superstition check this outirrationalitynotion alaaf you, shibboleth. Year-end charts [ edit ] Chart Rank Think, youtube dsds you . Login or Register. The Latin verb superstare itself is comparatively young, being "perhaps not ante- Augustan ", first found in Livyand the meaning "to survive" is even younger, found in late or ecclesiastical Latin, for the first time in Ennodius. Recent Read article superstition the Web The ghost lights, which burn in the Joan Sutherland Click, Drama Theatre, Playhouse, and Studio, https://rosenmotorsport.se/filme-stream-ipad/faceg.php kept on partly for practical reasons, and also because source superstition.